CZ:How to display foreign characters

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A small number of pages at Citizendium may contain some words or characters written in a non-Latin or non-western language such as Chinese, Japanese, Arabic excreta. Citizendium is primarily written in English, but the addition of these other languages' words enables readers to study and research beyond what is written in our articles. Using the foreign characters also removes any ambiguity that may arise form alternative translations. However, some people may have problems seeing these characters as their computer might not be set to display them by default. The characters are 'additional' to the article text. So you should still be able to read and understand the article even if the foreign letters do not display.

Check for existing support

Below are some samples of Chinese, Japanese and Korean text. If you see boxes, question marks or meaningless letters mixing the text, you still do not have support for East Asian characters.


  1. This is Traditional Chinese text as it appears on Chinese websites and Wikipedia
  2. This is Simplified Chinese text as it appears on Chinese websites and Wikipedia


  1. This is Japanese text as it appears on Japanese websites and Wikipedia
    かつ、尊厳と権利と について平等である。


  1. This is Korean text as it appears on Korean websites and Wikipedia
    모든 인간은 태어날 때부터
    자유로우며 그 존엄과 권리에
    있어 동등하다. 인간은 천부적으로
    이성과 양심을 부여받았으며 서로
    형제애의 정신으로 행동하여야 한다.

Enabeling Eastern Characters

If you want to enable the display of the foreign characters, follow the guide below or see the external tutorials and resources at the bottom of the page. This page was written originally to help people display Chinese characters, however, the procedure is the same for other writing systems. See the directions under your operating system to quickly get your web browser to display Chinese characters.


Windows XP

If Chinese characters don't display properly for you, first check if you need need to install East Asian language support files. To do this:

  1. Click Start > Control Panel. Select the Date, Time, Regional and Language Options category, then click Regional and Language Options.
  2. On the Languages tab, select the checkbox labeled Install files for East Asian languages.
  3. Click OK when a dialog box appears informing you of the storage requirements for the language files (230 MB).
  4. Click OK on the Languages tab.
  5. Another dialog box appears requesting a Windows XP installation disk or network share location where the language support files are located. Insert a Windows XP installation CD or browse to the appropriate network location, and click OK. Microsoft Windows installs the necessary files and prompts for you to restart the computer.
  6. Click Yes to restart the computer.

Windows 95, 98 or ME

In order to display Chinese characters properly, you need to download two packages from Microsoft.

If you don't have Office XP:

  1. Go to this Microsoft site.
  2. Select Chinese (Simplified) - with Language Pack in the dropdown box.
  3. Click Go.
  4. Download the file scmondo.exe, open it and follow the instructions.
  5. Do the same for Chinese (Traditional) - with Language Pack and then tcmondo.exe.

If you do have Office XP:

  1. Download this file and this one from Microsoft.
  2. Execute imechs.exe.
  3. Follow the instructions.
  4. Do the same for imecht.exe.


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"Mozilla Firefox appears to have no difficulty in displaying the characters." There is no chinese fonts installed in my lab linux computers, which firefox can not display normal chinese encoding.

External tutorials