Massachusetts Institute of Technology

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This article is about Massachusetts Institute of Technology. For other uses of the term Massachusetts, please see Massachusetts (disambiguation).

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a is a private research university located along the banks of the Charles River in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States. It has five schools and one college, containing a total of 32 academic departments, with a strong emphasis on scientific and technological research.

Founded by William Barton Rogers in 1861 in response to the increasing industrialization of the United States, the university adopted the approach of German universities and emphasized laboratory instruction from an early date, especially in physics, mechanics and mining.[1]


  1. Britannica 4. (1911). 292. “[MIT] was a pioneer in introducing as a feature of its original plans laboratory instruction in physics, mechanics, and mining.”