Bone densitometry/Related Articles
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- See also changes related to Bone densitometry, or pages that link to Bone densitometry or to this page or whose text .
- Radiology : A physician specialty with a core competence in obtaining and diagnosing by means of instruments that receive energy transmitted through the body; there are a number of subspecialties.
- Nuclear medicine : That medical specialty, or subspecialty, concerned with diagnosis and treatment using radioisotopes administered to the patient
- Photon absorptiometry : A scanning technique using photons of a single energy to measure the density of a material and especially bone.
- X-ray computed tomography : Three-dimensional medical imaging method, employing tomography created by computer processing.
- Ultrasonography : Diagnostic imaging using acoustic energy, usually above the human hearing range, although the instruments may provide an audible representation for the examiner
- Magnetic resonance imaging : The use of magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation to visualize internal structures of non-magnetic objects non-destructively.
- Osteoporosis : Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures.
- Osteitis deformans : Also known as Paget's disease of bone, "a disease marked by repeated episodes of increased bone resorption followed by excessive attempts at repair, resulting in weakened, deformed bones of increased mass. The resultant architecture of the bone assumes a mosaic pattern in which the fibers take on a haphazard pattern instead of the normal parallel symmetry"
- Osteochondrosis : Any of a group of bone disorders involving one or more ossification centers (epiphyses ). It is characterized by degeneration or necrosis followed by revascularization and reossification. Osteochondrosis often occurs in children causing varying degrees of discomfort or pain. There are many eponymic types for specific affected areas, such as tarsal navicular (Kohler disease) and tibial tuberosity (Osgood-Schlatter disease).
- Osteogenesis imperfecta : Autosomal dominant collagen diseases resulting from defective biosynthesis of collagen Type I and characterized by brittle, osteoporotic, and easily fractured bones. It may also present with blue sclerae, loose joints, and imperfect dentin formation. There are four major types, I-IV.
- Pituitary dwarfism : A form of dwarfism caused by complete or partial growth hormone deficiency, resulting from either the lack of growth-hormone releasing factor from the hypothalamus or from the mutations in the growth hormone gene (GH1) in the anterior pituitary. It is also known as Type I pituitary dwarfism.
- Orthopedics : A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.
- Rheumatology : Medical specialty that deals with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of connective tissue diseases; a subspecialty of internal medicine