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- Coal mining: the various methods used to extract coal from the ground.
- Combustion: A sequence of exothermic chemical reactions between a fuel and an oxidant accompanied by the production of heat or both heat and light in the form of either a glow or flames.
- Conventional coal-fired power plant: power plant that burns coal in a steam generator to produce high pressure steam, which goes to steam turbines that generate electricity.
- Fossil fuels: A substance such as coal, natural gas or petroleum with a high percentage of carbon that can be burned to produce heat or energy, whose extraction is destructive to the environment, whose burning pollutes the atmosphere, and whose supplies are finite and not renewable.
- Heat of combustion: The energy released as heat when a substance undergoes complete combustion with oxygen.
- Industrial Revolution: A period of major economic transformation in Britain from the 1750s to the 1830s, characterized by the growth of a new system comprising factories, railroads, coal mining and business enterprises using new technologies.
- Mine (resource exploitation): A place where valuable material is extracted from the Earth.
- Earth science: The study of the components and processes of the planet Earth.
- Engineering: a branch of engineering that uses chemistry, biology, physics, and math to solve problems involving fuel, drugs, food, and many other products.
- Chemistry: The science of matter, or of the electrical or electrostatical interactions of matter.
- Geology: The scientific study of the structure and composition of the earth's crust and its changes over time.
- Mining engineering: A discipline of engineering that involves the practice, science and technology of extracting mineral deposits safely and for a profit.
- Civil engineering: A broad field of engineering dealing with the design, construction, and maintenance of fixed structures, including roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and water supply and sewage systems.