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An informational catalog, or several catalogs, about Philosophy.

This is a supplement to the philosophy article.

Under construction: this will be a list of famous philosophers, in chronological order, listing Western philosophers and then Eastern philosophers.

Socrates (470/69 B.C. – 399 B.C.)

Greek, born in Athens
Adjective: Socratic
Associated isms: skepticism
Works (approximately 0 words): No extant writings, but the Apology of Plato is alleged to be a record of an actual speech of Socrates
Major contributions:
Logic: Socratic method defined standards of reasoning and definition
Ethics: Famous for examining the nature of various virtues
Representative quotations:
  • "...the unexamined life is not worth living for man..." (38a)
  • "I am wiser than this man; it is likely that neither of us knows anything worthwhile, but he thinks he knows something when he does not, whereas when I do not know, neither do I think I know; so I am likely to be wiser than he to this small extent, that I do not think I know what I do not know." (21d)
  • "Crito, pay a cock to Asclepius; make this offering to him and do not forget." (118e)