The Solomon Islands are an independent republic, made up of a archipelago of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu. They are a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
The total land area is 27,540 sq km; there are 910 sq km of water inside the territorial limits. They are in a key location on sea routes through the South Pacific Ocean, the Solomon Sea, and the Coral Sea.
Organized into a 9 provinces and a central district: Central, Choiseul, Guadalcanal, Honiara*, Isabel, Makira, Malaita, Rennell and Bellona, Temotu, Western Key; the islands and island groups include:
- Guadalcanal, on which the capital of Honaria is located
- Choiseul Island
- Gizo Island
- Yandina Island
- Santa Cruz Islands
- San Cristobal
- Malaita Island
- Rennell Island
The much-fought-over waters of North Georgia Sound called the "Slot" is north of Guadalcanal, containing Savo Island.
In the 1890s, Britain established a protectorate over the islands.
Second World War
Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later. Ethnic violence, government malfeasance, and endemic crime have undermined stability and civil society.
Following the United Nations Convention on Law of the Seas extending large Exclusive Economic Zones around the Solomon Islands, and neighbouring nations in the Pacific Forum, Australia agreed to give 12 nations 22 Pacific Forum patrol vessels. Two of those vessels were provided to the Solomon Islands.
In June 2003, then Prime Minister Sir Allan Kemakeza asked for Australian assistance to reestablish law and order. In July, the Australian-led multinational force arrived to restore peace and disarm ethnic militias, and has remained effective.
Security pact with China
In late March, 2022, China and the Solomon Islands signed the preliminary draft of an agreement described as a "security pact". According to Reuters the agreement would be a "major inroad" by China into a region where smaller nations traditionally looked to Australia and the United States of America.
The Solomon Islands said in March that it was creating a partnership with China to tackle security threats and ensure a safe environment for investment in what would be a major inroad for Beijing in a region that U.S. allies Australia and New Zealand have for decades seen as their "backyard."
The Guardian reports a leaked document revealed China wanted to send armed security teams to operate, within the Solomon Islands, to protect the Chinese embassy following anti-chinese riots in Honiara's chinatown in the fall of 2021.
In February 2022 the United States of America announced it would be reopening its embassy. The reopening of the embassy, closed in 1993, was widely described as a reaction to China's attempt to exert further influence on the Solomon Islands.
The bulk of the population depends on agriculture, fishing, and forestry for at least part of its livelihood. Most manufactured goods and petroleum products must be imported. The islands are rich in undeveloped mineral resources such as lead, zinc, nickel, and gold. 
RAMSI was able to rebuild the economy, damaged by violence.
- Maritime. Royal Solomon Islands Police Force (2018). Archived from the original on June 17, 2018. Retrieved on June 16, 2018. “RSIPF Maritime operate two Pacific Class Patrol Boats owned by the RSIPF, the Lata (03) and Auki (04) as well as a range of smaller vessels.”
- RSIPF thank Australian gov’t, Solomon Star News, June 15, 2018. Retrieved on June 16, 2018. “Commissioner Varley explains: “The new Guardian class of patrol boats will be much larger with increased capacity and extended range compared to the current Pacific class of patrol boats. This will be great especially for patrolling of Solomon Islands large maritime border.””
- Central Intelligence Agency, Solomons Islands, The World Factbook
- Kirsty Needham, Lucy Craymer. Solomons confirms security talks with China; Australia and NZ concerned, Reuters, 2022-03-25. Retrieved on 2022-04-18. “The Solomon Islands confirmed on Friday it was creating a partnership with China to tackle security threats and ensure a safe environment for investment as it diversifies security relations.” mirror
- Kirsty Needham. Solomon Islands won't allow Chinese military base, says PM's office, Reuters, 2022-04-01. Retrieved on 2022-04-18. “The leader of the Federated States of Micronesia on Thursday urged the Solomon Islands not to sign the security pact, saying he had "grave security concerns" and feared the Pacific could become embroiled in war between China and the United States.” mirror
- Senior U.S. officials to visit the Solomon Islands amid China security concerns, Reuters, 2022-04-18. Retrieved on 2022-04-18. “The Solomon Islands said in March that it was creating a partnership with China to tackle security threats and ensure a safe environment for investment in what would be a major inroad for Beijing in a region that U.S. allies Australia and New Zealand have for decades seen as their 'backyard.'” mirror
- Kate Lyons. China requested heavily armed security team be sent to Solomon Islands, leaked documents reveal, The Guardian, 2022-04-12. Retrieved on 2022-04-18. “China requested heavily armed security team be sent to Solomon Islands, leaked documents reveal”
- Rod Mcguirk. Western pressure mounts on Solomon Islands to quash pact with China, CP24, 2022-04-13. Retrieved on 2022-04-18. “The announcement of reopening the embassy, which has been closed since 1993, came in February before the security pact came to light, but amid already growing concerns about Chinese influence in the strategically important country.”
- U.S. plans Solomon Islands embassy in push to counter China, Reuters, 2022-02-12. Retrieved on 2022-04-18. “The United States will open an embassy in the Solomon Islands, Secretary of State Antony Blinken said on Saturday as he committed more diplomatic and security resources into the Pacific as a counter to China's drive for greater influence.” mirror