Dalmatian language

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Dalmatian is an extinct Romance language which was spoken on various points of the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea (in what are today Croatia and Montenegro), notably in Krk (Veglia), Dubrovnik, Zadar and Split and probably in the gulf of Kotor. It emerged from the late Latin dialect of the Byzantine region of Dalmatia. It was spoken in a discontinuous area and was threatened early in the Middle Ages by the general spread of Croatian and the influence of Venetian (a Northern Italian dialect). The two last known Dalmatian-speaking zones were the city of Dubrovnik, where the language disappeared at the end of the 15th century, and the island of Krk (Veglia), where the last Dalmatian speaker, Tone Udayna (or Antonio Udina), died in 1898 after being interviewed by linguist Matteo Giulio Bartoli.[1]


  1. BEC Pierre (1970-71) (collab. Octave NANDRIS, Žarko MULJAČIĆ), Manuel pratique de philologie romane, Paris: Picard, 2 vol.